About Kodály (Thanks to Kodály Society of Canada)
Educational Music and Singing Exercises written by Zoltán Kodály
(published by Boosey & Hawkes)
Fifteen Two-part Exercises, 1941
Bicinia Hungarica I-IV, 1937-42
Let Us Sing Correctly, 1941
333 Elementary Exercises, 1943
Pentatonic Music I-IV, 1945-48
33 Two-Part Exercises, 1954
44 Two-Part Exercises, 1954
55 Two-Part Exercises, 1954Tricinia, 1954
24 Little Canons on the Black Keys, 1957
Fifty Nursery Songs, 1961
66 Two-Part Exercises, 1962
22 Two-Part Exercises, 1964
77 Two-Part Exercises, 1966 Pedagogical Resources
Singing Exercises written by Zoltán Kodály(published by Boosey & Hawkes)
Canadian Regional Song Collections
Canadian Song Collections
Panagapka, Jeannette and Laszlo Vikar. Songs of the North Woods as sung by O. J. Abbott and collected by Edith Fowke. Calgary: The University of Calgary Press, 2004.
Choral Collections of Folk Songs
World Music Song Collections
Adzinyah, Maraire and Judith Cook Tucker. Let your Voice Be Heard! Songs from Ghana & Zimbabwe. Danbury, CT.: World Music Press, 1997 (revised edition). (Tape or CD included in set.) Call and response, multi-part and game songs, arranged and annotated for grades K-12. Each song includes music, pronunciations, translation explanation and notes on use. Suitable for junior, intermediate and high school, possibly. Very interesting and accessible. An excellent resource.
Burton, Bryan. Moving Within the Circle. Danbury, CT.: World Music Press, 1993. (Tape or CD included in set. Colour slides available.)This is a comprehensive book on Native American music and dance. It includes details about their instruments, the pronunciation and meaning of the text, oral music and percussion scores, and dance instruction. Burton immersed himself in various Native People’s culture, directly experiencing and learning their musical traditions which are carried out in the oral tradition. Recommendation: grade five and up.
Campbell, Patricia Shehan, Ellen McCullough-Brabson & Judith Cook Tucker, editors. Roots & Branches: A Legacy of Multicultural Music for Children. Danbury, Ct.: World Music Press, 1994. (Includes CD or tape.) A most credible collection of 38 refreshingly unfamiliar songs and games from 23 cultures. Includes hand and chant games, circle dances, lullabies, work songs and listening songs. Contributor biographies along with cultural overviews provide a "first-person" context for each selection. All selections on the CD are performed by the contributors in the original language. Photocopies permitted for educational use. Includes bibliography. Highly recommended.
Campbell, Patricia Shehan, Sue Williamson & Pierre Perron, editors. Traditional Songs of Singing Cultures: A World Sampler. USA.: Warner Bros. Publications, 1996. (Includes CD.) This excellent resource is the result of a project by the International Society for Music Education. It contains songs representing 13 different countries. Each entry includes a map, cultural information, information about the song, teaching suggestions and extensions and the melody written in staff notation. The song is performed on the CD by a musician of that culture. Photocopying of any kind is not permitted without permission.
Gesser, Samuel, editor. A Folksong Portrait of Canada. Markham, Ontario: PolyGram Group Canada Ltd., 1994. This Smithsonian-Folkways collection is probably the most authentic and credible collection available in Canada. The 3 CD set comes with extensive notes on the music and performers, along with text and translations. Especially intriguing is the large native peoples section. This gem is a definite must be in any folk song collection and very inexpensive.
Hampton, Walt. Hot Marimba! Zimbabwean-Style Music for Orff Instruments. Danbury, CT.: World Music Press, 1995. (Includes tape or CD.) Nine Zimbabwe-style pieces composed for Orff instruments by Walt Hampton, presented in order of ascending difficulty. The tape is very useful in establishing the rhythms. Exciting music sure to keep the interest of the group at a very high level!
Jones, Bessie and Bess Lomax Hawes. Step it Down. Athens, GA.: University of Georgia Press, Brown Thrasher Books, 1972. (Tape: Step it down, Games for Children by Bessie Jones. 1988 Rounder Records Corp. Rounder C-9004. Rounder Records, One Camp Street, Cambridge, MA., 02140.) A very interesting read and super source for games, songs and stories from the African- American heritage. Mrs. Jones’ ideas, stories and explanations are all in italics. Some patience is required for some of the written directions for games - but the tape helps and the outcome is well worth the effort.
Kerlee, Paul. Welcome in the Spring: Morris and Sword Dances for Children. Danbury, CT., World Music Press, 1996. (Book available on its own or as book and tape set.)The dance and music possibilities in the collection are exciting, especially for use in the junior and intermediate grades!
Libana. Fire Within. Durham, NC.: Ladyslipper Inc., 1990. (Tape available.) The music in this collection spans seven centuries and many different cultures. Musician Susan Robbins describes the music the best. "Running through this collection of music is a strength and quiet depth of heart, a reverence and mined vision toward individual and planetary peace. Two-thirds of these songs are rounds. Minimalist by nature, rounds create an exquisite circular motion for both the singer and the listener. Their repetitive, mantra-like phrasing facilitates a deeper, inner experience of emotion or allows a potent affirmation of a belief or image to occur. Singing rounds is also an inherently communal activity with each part holding equal importance within the whole." An excellent resource.
May, Elizabeth. Music of Many Cultures. Berkeley, CA.: University of California Press, 1980. (Tapes included.)This is an excellent book for understanding the structure and style of the music used in a variety of countries and continents. It also provides information regarding how music is used in the culture. I would use this book with late primary and junior children. The text is difficult for students to read, but the maps, pictures [ie. of the instruments used] and tape would be great for them. It also gives a detailed bibliography, discography and list of related films.
Nettl, Bruno et.al. Excursions in World Music. New Jersey: Prentice Hall Inc., 1992. (Tapes included.) Introduction to major musical traditions including India, the Middle East, Indonesia, Sub-Sahara Africa, and Latin America. Includes tapes of musical performances. Very useful for a unit of study, but too much information for general use.
Nyberg, Anders. Freedom is Coming: Songs of Protest and Praise from South Africa. Fort Lauderdale, Florida: Walton Music Corporation, 1984. (Tape available.) Some of the songs contained in this anthology of 15 songs of the blacks in South Africa will be familiar, such as ‘Siyahamba’ and ‘Freedom is Coming’. Although arranged for SATB voices, suggestions are given for 3-pt mixed choir, women’s choir, men’s choir and children’s choir. Detailed musical instructions help to ensure an authentic performance. In addition to a wonderful collection of songs, this book contains moving photos, drawings and quotations.
Songs and Rhymes
Rounds for Children. New York: Amsco Publications, 1986.Weikart, Phyllis S. Movement Plus Music: Activities for Children Ages 3 to 7. Ypsilanti, Michigan:High/Scope Press, 1985._____. Movement Plus Rhymes, Songs and Singing Games. Ypsilanti, Michigan: High/Scope Press, 1988._____. Round the Circle: Key Experiences in Movement for Children Ages 3 to 5. Ypsilanti, Michigan:High/Scope Press, 1987._____. Teaching Movement & Dance: A Sequential Approach to Rhythmic Movement. Ypsilanti, Michigan: High/Scope Press, 1982.Wood, Donna. Move, Sing, Listen, Play. Toronto: Gordon V. Thompson, 1982.
Songs as Storybooks
Adams, Pam. This Old Man. Purton Wilts, England: Child’s Play Ltd., 1974. Size and illustrations are very appropriate for early years children. Song not included.
Bogart, Jo Ellen & Barbara Reid (illus). Gifts. Toronto: Scholastic Canada Ltd., 1994. While not based on a folk song, this tuneful story with its AMAZING plasticine illustrations by artist Barbara Reid is a wonderful addition to any collection of storybooks. The story traces the relationship of a grandmother and granddaughter through the years. There is also a tape available for purchase from Scholastic. While the tape is a tad ‘cheesy’, the students enjoy the synthesized accompaniment with the children singing on the tape. A lively addition to any collection. Song not included.
Brandenburg, Aliki. Hush Little Baby. Englewood Cliffs, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1968. Works very well. Interesting illustrations. Song included.
Carter, David A. If You’re Happy and You Know It. New York: Scholastic Inc., 1997. The bright and cheery appearance of this pop-up book makes it a favourite of all students. Song included.
Christella, Eileen. Five Little Monkeys Sitting in a Tree. New York: Clarion Books, 1991. Students enjoy the humour in this presentation of the traditional chant. We use this choral speaking opportunity to tell the story with great drama and expression in our voices. Rhythm not included.
De Paola, Tomie. The Friendly Beasts.(an old English Christmas carol) New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1981. Works well. Composition of the illustration explained. Song included.
Duke, Kate. Tingalayo.New York: Crown, 1993. My grade one students love to sing this song. Best use is in the early years and early primary years. Song included.
Hill, Eric. Nursery Rhymes Peek-a-Book. London, England: Puffin Books, 1982. The large print and use of primary colours in the illustrations makes this a useful collection of rhymes for use with early years students. They can read along with you and enjoy discovering what is under the flap.
Hale, Sarah Josepha & Tomie dePaola (illus.). Mary Had a Little Lamb. New York: Holiday House, 1984. This famous 19th Century rhyme, with all its 7 verses, is illustrated by Tomie dePaola in usual attractive fashion. The history of the rhyme and its author given. Song included.
Halpern, Shari. What Shall We Do When We All Go Out? New York: North-South Books, 1995. The large size of the book and the use of collages of different types of paper painted with acrylics and watercolours, and colour photocopies of pieces of fabric, catch the eye of the early years student. The repetitive melody has the children singing along in no time. Song included.
Harrison, Ted. O Canada. Toronto: Kids Can Press, 1992. A work of art! Each region of Canada is profiled, in text and art, in this bilingual presentation of our national anthem. I use this book every autumn to review the musical singing of ‘O Canada’, in English and French. Then, each of the school choirs record a performance of the anthem for use during opening exercises. Piano accompaniment (in Eb) included.
Hays, Michael. (text by Pete Seeger) Abiyoyo. New York: Aladdin Books, Macmillan Publishing Company, 1994. Based on an African-American folk story. Pete Seeger also tells and sings this story on the CD "Abiyoyo and Other Story Songs for Children", Smithsonian/Folkways SF 45001. Seeger is very credible and tells the story in a charming manner. Song included.
Jeffers, Susan. Silent Night. USA: Dutton Children’s Books, 1984. Charming illustrations accompany the retelling of the classic hymn telling the story of the Nativity. The large size of the book is a plus. Song included.
Keats, Ezra Jack. Over in the Meadow. New York: Scholastic Inc., 1971. Wonderful illustrations. Works very well. Song not included.
Kovalski, Maryann. Jingle Bells. Markham, Ontario: Fitzhenry & Whiteside Ltd., 1998. This is a reissue under the ‘First Flight’ reading series umbrella. The original text has been altered for young readers and, although sometimes plodding for classroom use, is a wonderful addition to any seasonal collection. The smallish size of the book can also be a concern, but my students enjoy the antics of Grandma and her two granddaughters. (These charming characters are also featured in "Take Me Out to the Ball Game" and "The Wheels on the Bus") Song not included.
Kovalski, Maryann. Take Me Out to the Ball Game. Toronto: Scholastic Canada Inc., 1992. A very Canadian take on an old favourite. Grandma and her two granddaughters attend a baseball game and root for the home team, which looks an awful lot like the Blue Jays! A favourite, especially with young Blue Jays fans. Song included.
Kovalski, Maryann. The Wheels on the Bus.Toronto: Kids Can Press, 1987. A charming presentation of the traditional song featuring Grandma and her granddaughters on a shopping spree. A favourite of the early years and early primary students. Song included in the middle of the book.
Langstaff, John & Nancy Winslow Parker (illlus.). Oh, A-Hunting We Will Go. New York: Aladdin Books, 1991. Charming and humorous illustrations and clever additional verses make this one of the oft-requested books of primary and early junior classes. Students also enjoy making up their own verses and creating the illustrations. Song included.
McCrae, John (poem), Linda Granfield (history) & Janet Wilson (illus.). In Flanders Fields. Toronto: Stoddart Kids, 1996. I use this wonderful resource in preparation for Remembrance Day. This historical information is excellent and the paintings are very moving. I use it in conjunction with Alexander Tilley’s melody of the poem. The performance I prefer is with the Amabile Youth Singers of London, Ontario. (We often sing this song during our school Remembrance Day observance.) I do not use this book with any primary class and prepare my junior classes before we use it. The students are often very moved by the experience, by the illustrations, text and the music.
McCue, Lisa. Jingle Bell Mice. USA.: Troll Communications L.L.C., 1997. The illustrations of animals cavorting in the snow bring smiles to the faces of the children, especially the younger ones, who enjoy the humour of a squirrel pulling mice in a sleigh. Song included.
Muller, Robin & Suzanne Duranceau (illus.). Hickory, Dickory, Dock. Richmond Hill, Ontario: Scholastic Canada Ltd., 1992. Very clever adaptation of the traditional chant. Great for reinforcing 6/8 time.
Muller, Robin. Row, Row, Row Your Boat. Toronto: Scholastic Canada Ltd., 1993. A clever adaptation of a camp-fire mainstay. The story is delightfully silly and the illustrations match the text! A favourite for all ages to enjoy - with a surprise ending! Song not included.
Peek, Merle. Mary Wore Her Red Dress. New York: Clarion Books, 1985. One of the absolute mainstays of my collection. Song included. A ‘must have’.
Rayner, Shoo. Hey Diddle Diddle and other Mother Goose Rhymes. London, England: Puffin Books, 1995. A bright and fun lift-the-flap book useful for reinforcing traditional rhymes with early years students.
Reid, Barbara. Two by Two. Toronto: Scholastic Canada Ltd., 1992. Reid’s amazing plasticine pictures add a great deal to the retelling of the biblical story of Noah and the ark. The familiar call and response melody adds to the fun. In some school settings, the presentation of the book will need to be carefully set up. I think that a tape is available for purchase from Scholastic. Song included.
Rosen, Michael & Helen Oxenbury (illus.). We’re Going on a Bear Hunt. London, England: Walker Books Ltd., 1989. This presentation of the summer camp tale provides a wonderful opportunity for voice exploration. Late primary and all junior students enjoy this adventure.
Slavin, Bill. The Cat Came Back. Toronto: Kids Can Press Ltd., 1992. Song included. The all-time favourite of my junior classes. Song included. A ‘must have’. Older students will enjoy the National Film Board of Canada’s satirical, and award-winning animated ‘short’ of this song. (Use at your discretion.)
Spier, Peter. London Bridge is Falling Down. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1967. Very clever illustrations. Works very well. A detailed history of this bridge is included. Song included.
Spier, Peter. The Fox Went Out on a Chilly Night. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1961. Wonderful illustrations. Works well. The children enjoy this song. Song included.
Sweet, Melissa. Fiddle-I-Fee. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1992. Colourful illustrations. Best for use in primary classes. Song included. (Notation is somewhat ‘straight’. I tend to liven it up a bit.)
Theobalds, Prue. The Teddy Bears’ Picnic. St. Catharines, Ontario: Vanwell Publishing Ltd., 1987. Charming for use in early years and early primary classes. Song not included.
Trapani, Iza. The Itsy Bitsy Spider. Boston: Whispering Coyote Press, 1993.Charming and humorous presentation of a favourite song with additional verses added. Song included.
Trapani, Iza. Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star. Boston: Whispering Coyote Press, 1994. Verses are added to this traditional song to tell the story of a little girl who goes on a journey through space with a special star. Lovely illustrations. Song included.
Tyrrell, Frances. The Huron Carol. Toronto: Key Porter Books, 1990. Breathtaking illustrations beautifully complement this important Canadian story. A ‘must-have’ for any school or personal collection. Includes a history of the song. Song included.
Tyrrell, Frances. Woodland Christmas. Richmond Hill, Ontario: North Winds Press, 1995. This retelling of the classic "The Twelve Days of Christmas"features the creatures of the northern woodlands in each of the twelve days. Tyrrell’s watercolours are truly exquisite and leave my students spellbound. This treasure is a wonderful gift for adults and children! Song included.
Westcott, Nadine Bernard. I Know an Old Lady Who Swallowed a Fly.Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1980. Works well. Clever illustrations. The junior children especially enjoy the humour. Song included.
Whatley, Bruce. The Teddy Bears’ Picnic. USA: Harper Collins Pub., 1996. Light and entertaining performance of this song, arranged and performed by Jerry Garcia and David Grisman. Banjo and guitar are featured, with other ‘Dixieland’ sounding accompaniment. Tape included.
Dance and Movement Resources
Research and Recordings
Recommended Canadian Retailers for Kodály-related Resources
CSMT Mail Order Service510, 1701 Centre Street NWCalgary, AB, T2E 8A4FAX (403) 277-6687Reference List on Canadian Folk Music:An exhaustive list of books, records, articles and other publications dealing with Canadian folk music, 1984. It is available from the CSMT Mail Order Service.Folksong in the Classroom - a Network of Teachers of History, Literature, Music and the HumanitiesNewsletterDiana Palmer, Assistant Editor433 Leadmine Road, Fiskdale, MA 01518Research and Retrieval - Music Teacher's Guide to Material Selection and CollectionFloice R. LundPro Canto Press, 1981
Organizations and Publications
The American Folk Song Collection provides field recordings and scores of hundreds of traditional folk songs. The site is searchable by title, state, subject, song type, musical characteristics, and suggested uses for teaching.
The Choral JournalACDA Directory of Children's ChoirsAn Annotated Inventory of Distinctive Choral Literature for Performance at the High School LevelSinging in English: A Manual of English Dictionfor Singers and Choral Directors A Classified Index of American Doctoral Dissertations and Dissertation Projects on Choral Music Completed or Currently in Progress through 1989Gene Brooks, Executive DirectorP.O. Box 6310Lawton, Oklahoma 73506-0130Tel: (405) 355-8161Fax (405) 248-1465Arts Education Policy ReviewHelfref Publications1319 - 18th NWWashington, D.C. 20036-1802Tel: (202) 296-6267Association of Canadian Choral Conductors/L'Association des Chefs de Choeur Canadiens49, de TracyBlainville, QCCanada J7C 4B7Tel: 1 (450) 430-5573Coalition for the Arts and Education26 Ellerbeck StreetToronto, Ontario, M4K 2V1Tel: (416) 466-1345Radio Guide (CBC)P.O. Box 500, Station A, Toronto, Ontario, M5W 1E6 SEVEC - Society for Educational Visits and Exchanges in Canada57 Auriga Drive, Suite 201, Nepean ON, K2E 8B2Tel: 1 800 387-3832Fax: (613) 998-7094
Other Internet Resources
E-mail Directory for Canadian Music Educators